Hacı Bayram Mosque
Hacı Bayram Mosque, also known as Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque is a mosque in Altındağ district of Ankara. The name of Hacı Bayram Mosque is derived from Turkish poet and Sufi, Hacı Bayram Veli. Today, it is one of the most popular destinations to visit in Ankara.
Hacı Bayram Mosque is a typical example of both 17th century and 18th-century mosque architectural styles. The mosque is next to the Augustus Temple from the east side, and the Hacı Bayram Veli Tomb takes place on the south side of the Hacı Bayram Mosque.
Hacı Bayram Mosque is classified in “historical mosques on Turkey,” and it was taken to the tentative UNESCO World Heritage list in 2016. It has an impressive look both outside and inside. If you ever find yourself in Ankara, visiting Hacı Bayram Mosque is highly recommended.
- 1 Where is Hacı Bayram Mosque?
- 2 Getting to Hacı Bayram Mosque
- 3 Who is Hacı Bayram Veli?
- 4 History of Hacı Bayram Mosque
- 5 Architecture of Hacı Bayram Mosque
- 6 Surroundings of Hacı Bayram Mosque
- 7 Questions and Answers
Where is Hacı Bayram Mosque?
Hacı Bayram Mosque is in the Ulus neighborhood of Ankara.
Getting to Hacı Bayram Mosque
Getting to Hacı Bayram Mosque is pretty easy since it is not located in a remote area. You can find various public transportation options to Hacı Bayram Mosque. If you want to get to the Hacı Bayram Mosque by car, then it will be easy as well. Of course, the destination will change according to your starting point.
One of the most convenient starting points to get to Hacı Bayram Mosque in Ulus. Ulus is very close to Hacı Bayram Mosque, and you can get there with just 10 to 12 minutes of walking. The distance between Ulus Square and Hacı Bayram Mosque is not even 2 kilometers, and if you have a vehicle, it will last around 5 minutes.
Kızılay is not so far away from Hacı Bayram Mosque, but getting there by walking would take much more time when compared to starting from Ulus. But, if you are feeling energetic and would like to have a nice walk in the beautiful streets of Ankara, you can walk to Hacı Bayram Mosque from Kızılay in around 40 minutes.
There are public transportation options available from Kızılay to Hacı Bayram Mosque, as well. You can get to Ulus by bus and walk from there, or get another bus that would take you someplace near to Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque. The following are some of the bus names to get near to Hacı Bayram Mosque:
If your starting point is Oran, then the road will be a little bit longer than Kızılay or Ulus. However, you can still find public transportation options. Your trip to Hacı Bayram Mosque from Oran will take around 50 to 55 minutes, and you will need to walk a little during those 55 minutes. You can take the buses named 185-1 or 173-1 to get to Hacı Bayram Mosque.
Who is Hacı Bayram Veli?
Hacı Bayram Veli is a Turkish Sufi, the founder of the Bayramiye order and poet who has a significant influence in literature and religion. The main motto of Hacı Bayram Veli and the Bayramiye order was that “we can only see God in our hearts.”
Even though everyone knows him as Hacı Bayram Veli, his real name was Numan. He was born in Ankara, a village named Solfasol. After completing his education, Hacı Bayram Veli started to be influenced by various orders.
Hacı Bayram Veli started to get known by the people with his talks and knowledge as time went by. A sheikh who heard his fame, Sheikh Hamidüddin, asked him to come to Kayseri. Hacı Bayram Veli went to Kayseri and learned more about orders.
After this visit and other series of events, Hacı Bayram Veli devoted himself entirely to Sufism. Subsequently, he designed the basis of his own order, Bayramiye. Some inconveniences in the population occurred due to his style, and people accused him due to his acts and thoughts not being fitted to sharia.
Luckily, the sultan did not think like the other people, and he let him go. Insomuch that, he assigned Hacı Bayram Veli to schools as a teacher. After Sheikh Hamidüddin died, Hacı Bayram Veli did not teach again and dedicated himself to literature and writing poems.
His thoughts were pretty influential, and it can be said that they were similar to the philosophical thoughts of some of the well-known philosophers in history. Today, Hacı Bayram Veli is still an influential individual, and he is being remembered. Hacı Bayram Veli died in Hacı Bayram Mosque in 1430.
History of Hacı Bayram Mosque
The Hacı Bayram Mosque was built in the Ottoman Empire period, in 1427. According to the sources, the construction of the Hacı Bayram Mosque was completed in around a year. Hacı Bayram Mosque was exposed to a number of renovations throughout history, and the latest form of it is a combination of 17th century and 18th-century mosque architectures.
The Hacı Bayram Mosque was built to be used as a complex for Hacı Bayram Veli’s order. The sect was named “Bayramiye,” and the Ottoman Empire highly supported this order. This situation leads to Hacı Bayram Mosque and the whole complex becoming a masterpiece.
The architect of the Hacı Bayram Mosque is named “Mimar Mehmet” (Mimar means architect). The very first renovation to Hacı Bayram Mosque was made by the grandson of Hacı Bayram Veli, Mehmet Baba, in 1714. This renovation was mainly aimed to modernize the mosque, and Mehmet Baba made many interventions to specific mosque areas.
The next and last renovation of the Hacı Bayram Mosque is made by the General Directorate of Foundations in 1940. This renovation created the latest form of the mosque. In other words, if you visit Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque, you will see the version of the Hacı Bayram Mosque, which the General Directorate of Foundations renovated.
The renovation General Directorate of Foundations aimed to increase the mosque’s capacity to make it possible for more people to pray. A tomb named “Hacı Bayram Veli Tomb” takes place right next to the Hacı Bayram Mosque. This tomb was made in 1429, after Hacı Bayram Veli died, for the memory of him. It is one of the best mosques in Ankara, and if you visit Hacı Bayram Mosque, make sure to visit Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque as well.
Architecture of Hacı Bayram Mosque
The exterior architecture of the Hacı Bayram Mosque might seem simple and basic at first sight, but you will understand that it is not the case as you walk in. Indeed, Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque’s exterior design is humble and straightforward, but you will be amazed at the interior architectural features.
The Hacı Bayram Mosque’s main venue has a rectangular plan, a hipped roof establishment, and a flat wooden ceiling structure. The walls of the Hacı Bayram Veli mosque are made from bricks. The renovations included some extensions to the mosque, so there had been an increase in the overall size o Hacı Bayram Mosque throughout history.
Hacı Bayram Mosque only has one minaret, and this minaret has a cylindric body, a square base with two balconies. The minaret takes place on the southeast side of the mosque, and the base is made of stone, whereas the body is made of bricks.
Arched windows can be observed in the exterior facades which surround the main venue. Those windows have sharp arches, and they are located in a way that the bigger windows are located on the top of smaller windows.
The roof side is made from wood, and cassette craftsmanship can be observed in this wooden roof, as in other typical mosques of Ankara. The flower ornaments around the roof are one of the best details of the Hacı Bayram Mosque.
Surroundings of Hacı Bayram Mosque
Hacı Bayram Mosque has some other landmarks around it. One of those landmarks is relevant to Hacı Bayram Veli as well. But, the other one is entirely irrelevant from Hacı Bayram Veli.
Hacı Bayram Veli Tomb
The Hacı Bayram Veli Tomb takes place on the south side of the Hacı Bayram Mosque, and it was made after Hacı Bayram Veli died for his memory.
You will see the Hacı Bayram Veli Tomb as you are visiting Hacı Bayram Mosque, most probably. It has fantastic architecture, and the exterior design is made from red and big Ankara stones. The upper part is made from white marbles, and the arch of the door is ornamented with colorful marbles.
Nine sarcophaguses take place on the inner side of the Hacı Bayram Veli Tomb. The big sarcophagus on the front line belongs to Hacı Bayram Veli, and the rest eight sarcophaguses are for the other sheiks who came after Hacı Bayram Veli.
Another landmark near Hacı Bayram Mosque is the Augustus Temple, but this one has nothing to do with Hacı Bayram Veli. The Augustus Temple is located right next to Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque, and it is estimated that it was built around years 30-25 BC.
Since this temple is ancient and the sources are limited, its information mostly cannot go beyond estimations. The August Temple was thought to be built above a sacred building dedicated to Frig Gods Kybele and Men because the sacred building was significantly damaged.
It is also thought that the main reason for this temple’s building was Pilemanes showing the sign of loyalty to Roman Emperor Augustus. The Augustus Temple was damaged significantly until today, especially from earthquakes and air pollution in the city.
Even though the temple is significantly damaged, it is not destroyed and waiting for you to see it there. You must visit Augustus Temple if you came to visit Hacı Bayram Mosque for something extra.
Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum
Even though the Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum is not on Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque’s surroundings, it is still close (around 5 kilometers away), and you might want to visit there as well as you are already in the area.
Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum is the only technology museum in Ankara, and it goes without saying that it is the first one. It is a wonderful museum in which you can observe the industrial developments in Turkey chronologically.
Suppose you are interested in learning more about Turkey’s history and some other fun stuff. In that case, it is highly recommended to include visiting Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum on your schedule while planning your trip to Hacı Bayram Mosque.
Questions and Answers
Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque is one of the significant mosques of Ankara and Turkey in general. It must be on your to-do list to visit Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque if you are visiting Ankara, for sure. The following are some questions about Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque to clear up the way a little bit if you are still not satisfied with the information provided here.
When can I visit Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque?
Hacı Bayram Mosque is open for visitors 24 hours a day, every day.
Should I follow a dress code to get into the Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque?
All mosques have a dress code to get in, and Hacı Bayram Veli also requires a dress code. This dress code is not very strict, but it would be excellent to wear something modest and cover your hair (If you are a woman) as a sign of respect to the sacred building.
Are there other attractions near Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque?
Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque is located in a central area, making it accessible to many other places, including attractions. The following are some of the attractions near the Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque that you might want to visit after seeing the Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque:
- Museum Of Anatolian Civilizations
- Rahmi M. Koç Museum
- Erimtan Archeology and Art Museum
- Grand National Assembly of Turkey War of Independence Museum
Do men need to cover their heads before entering into Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque?
No, men do not need to cover their hair. But, wearing modest clothes is also highly recommended for men as well.